Electrify Municipal Fleets: Policy Tools

Cities and counties can lead by example and set incremental goals to electrify their municipal fleets. Workplace charging at municipal buildings encourages employees to drive EVs.



2.1. electrify municipal fleets

Municipalities can reduce both fleet emissions and operating costs while improving service to the community by replacing their fleet vehicles with EVs. Local governments should consider the following steps in making the transition to electric:

  1. Complete a Comprehensive Fleet Assessment:

    1. Collect data on current fleet usage (e.g. types and number of vehicles, common routes, fleet purchase policy).

    2. Complete a multi-year total cost of ownership analysis for each vehicle (vehicle cost, fuel, maintenance, insurance, etc).

    3. Update fleet purchasing policy to prioritize electric vehicles (if a vehicle is required) as well as transit, carshare and rideshare.

  2. Focus on Fleet Efficiency:

    1. Where possible, ‘Right-Size’ the fleet: prioritize transit, carshare and rideshare where financial savings can be achieved without sacrificing performance

    2. Aggregate purchasing and shared services across departments.

  3. Complete a multi-year total cost of ownership analysis for each vehicle (vehicle cost, fuel, maintenance, insurance, etc)

  4. Establish City Fleet Electrification targets and replace conventional gas-powered vehicles when suitable EV options are available with equivalent operational capability.

  5. Apply for electric vehicle purchase incentives and grants:

    1. Charge Ahead Colorado program

    2. Climate Mayor EV Purchasing Collaboration

  6. EV Charging Infrastructure:

    1. Evaluate charging requirements: Level 1, Level 2, DC fast charge

    2. Coordinate EV charger deployments with other departments.

    3. Partner with electric utilities to install EV charging infrastructure (primarily for Level 2 and DC fast charge).


Implementation Plans:


“Sacramento owns 80 electric Bolts, made by GM, that city workers use for jobs such as parking enforcement or engineering inspections. They’ve been “fantastic,” says Stevens, and they’re saving the city significant money. The Bolts cost 6 cents per mile for both operation and maintenance, compared with 24 cents per mile for gas-powered light duty vehicles. “It’s a win-win.”
— Mark Steven, Sacramento Fleet Manager


2.2. Workplace charging for city and county employees

Cities can support the transition to electric vehicles for its employees by installing workplace charging at their parking facilities.