Electrify Public Transportation:

Policy Toolkit

Work with transit agencies and school districts, and explore partnerships with taxi, ride-hail, and micro-mobility companies to expand electric transportation options for your community.


4.1.  Electric buses in public transportation

Cities work with transit agencies to transition from fossil-fuel to fully electric buses. Electric buses may have higher capital costs, but provide significant life-time savings because of reduced maintenance and fuel costs, especially in high-mileage use cases. Cities can work with local and regional transit agencies to secure electric bus grants through the VW settlement, build-out electric bus charging infrastructure, and get commitments to full electrification.



4.2. Electric taxi, Uber/Lyft targets

Cities shape the transition to electric-shared mobility by engaging directly with Transportation Network Companies (TNCs) and partnering on pilot programs centered around EV adoption, charging, and innovative multi-modal programs.



4.3.  Working with school districts on EVs, EVSE, and electric school buses

Cities and counties engage with school districts to electrify school buses, provide staff EVs, and install EVSE in school parking lots and administrative facilities. School districts are traditionally conservative when it comes to new energy technologies, but can be open to cost savings and environmental benefits through collaboration with municipalities. School districts can apply for electric school bus funding through the VW settlement, which includes $18 million and a $200k cap for electric school buses and shuttle buses in Colorado.



4.4.  Investment in electric rideshare charging hubs

Cities engage in public-private partnerships and encourage TNC electrification by installing DC fastchargers at designated charging hubs. Access to highpowered and reliable charging reduces range anxiety for high-mileage TNC drivers while allowing TNC fleet managers to optimize fleet operations through coordinated charging. High-powered charging hubs can also be co-located with electric transit, school bus, and car-sharing chargers to maximize efficiency.


4.5.  Electric-autonomous vehicle incentives or requirements

City requires or incentivizes all autonomous vehicles to be electric. Incentivize operators of shared-autonomous commercial fleets to deploy EVs. Programs will need to be carefully designed to avoid state or federal pre-emption.


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4.6.  Electric car-sharing program

A local government hosts a community-wide EV car-sharing program for the community. Car-sharing programs should also offer one-way service options to provide greater transportation flexibility to customers. Additional car-sharing efforts should be focused on disadvantaged communities and affordable housing developments.

City of Boulder and Denver eGo car-share
City of Denver: electric car-sharing program with GM's
Maven and EVgo
Los Angeles car-share: BlueLA
City of Sacramento: Envoy
City of Portland: ReachNow (BMW)

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4.7.  City plan for electric micro-mobility (eBikes, eScooters)

Cities develop rules, regulations, and pilot programs for shared electric bikes and scooters. Cities can explore public-private partnerships with shared-electric mobility companies and evaluate the impact of innovative transportation technologies like “dockless” electric bikes and scooters. To streamline public-private partnerships and attract more innovative technology companies, Smart City programs in San Jose, Sacramento, and Boston have adopted “demonstration partnership policies”. Cities can collaborate with electric bike and scooter companies and explore options for public charging infrastructure for these smaller, electric-assisted vehicles.

City of Denver: dockless scooter pilot program
City of Boulder: dockless eBike pilot program
Santa Monica: Shared Mobility Device Pilot
Bird “Save Our Sidewalks” Pledge

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4.8. Support new and emerging transportation solutions with EVs and EVSE

Collaborate with private transportation companies to encourage creative pilot programs that address local transportation goals. Such opportunities might include EV car-sharing programs, first-last mile commuting solutions, electric micro-transit, or on-demand electric shuttle.

City of Aspen: Downtowner electric shuttle